lunedì 1 marzo 2010

Dieci interessanti mosse per Illustrator

Tra il marasma di tutorial online che si trovano in giro, questo è uno di quelli che ho trovato davvero interessante ve lo posto:

Fonte Real World Illustrator blog.

In most professions, one goes through intense training -- intended to help a person develop the ability to act on instinct -- where the body learns to act automatically in response to a situation without the need to mentally go through each required step.

Even in everyday living, we've learned to adapt to our environment that allows us to perform basic functions without losing focus on the task at hand. Examples are dialing a familiar phone number, or adjusting the radio in your car. I've seen teenagers (like my own for example) who can literally unholster their mobile phone, send a text, and reholster the phone faster than Neo can dodge a bullet (all while holding a conversation).

When using Illustrator, you want to get to a point where basic functions become instinct -- you do them without thinking about it. That's a power move. In the title of this article, I referenced ten such moves, but the truth is, I've broken these down into ten specific feature areas, encompassing far more than just ten power moves -- well over 30 in fact. I list Mac OS keyboard shortcuts, followed by Windows equivalents in square brackets.

If you're serious about becoming an Illustrator speed demon, learn these power moves. Don't just read them -- practice them again and again. Force yourself to use them -- even if it takes longer the first few times you do it. Trust me, you'll thank me later. In yet another Matrix reference, “What are you waiting for? You're faster than this. Don't think you are… know you are…”.

1. Master the Nudge
This has nothing to do with your spouse (or your mouse for that matter). In Illustrator, using the arrow keys on your keyboard (up, down, left, right) to move your objects in small increments is called “nudging”. The default increment amount is 1pt (.0139 inches), but you can choose a value more relevant to your task at hand. For example, if you're working in scale, use a number that is easily divisible. Or use specific amounts, like .0625 inches, so you can tap the arrow key 4 times in quick succession and know you've moved the object exactly .25 inch. I'll often adjust the increment value several times a day, as needed.

Cmd-K [Ctrl-K] : Opens the preferences panel and highlights the keyboard increment field. Just enter a numeric value and hit the Enter key to change it.
Arrow: Nudges selected artwork the amount specified in the Preferences dialog.
Shift-Arrow: Nudges selected artwork 10x the amount specified in the Preferences dialog.
Option-Arrow [Alt-Arrow] : Nudges a copy of the selected artwork the amount specified in the Preferences dialog.
Shift-Option-Arrow [Shift-Alt-Arrow] : Nudges a copy of the selected artwork 10x the amount specified in the Preferences dialog.

2. Align with Intelligence
With Illustrator CS4, you can snap an object's boundaries to other objects or guides (previous versions only allowed you to snap your cursor to other objects or guides, requiring you to grab objects by their edges or anchor points). To get this to work, however, you have to have Smart Guides turned on -- a feature that many find annoying or too “in your face”. Rather than get rid of it, learn to control it. First, open the Smart Guides preferences panel and uncheck all boxes except for Alignment Guides, then press OK. Now you can use a keyboard shortcut to turn Smart Guides on and off as you need it.

Cmd-U [Ctrl-U] : Toggles Smart Guide behavior on and off.

3. Select Faster
We probably make use of the Selection tools in Illustrator more than anything else, so it's important to get familiar with NOT constantly switching between them. Instead, learn to use the shortcuts to make them all behave as one cohesive unit.

V: Selection tool (Solid arrow) -- the inverted “V” looks like an arrow.
A: Direct Selection tool (Hollow arrow) -- the “A” looks like an arrow with a hollow center.

Rather than constantly switch between the two arrow tools, most power users use the Direct Selection tool most often and use these shortcuts:

Cmd [Ctrl] : Temporarily toggles to Selection tool.
Option [Alt] : Temporarily toggles to Group Selection tool.

On the subject of making selections it can often be easier to select art without using tools at all:

Cmd-A [Ctrl-A] : Select all.
Shift-Cmd-A [Shift-Ctrl-A] : Deselect all.

4. Change Object Attributes
How many times do you apply a color only to realize you adjusted the stroke when you meant the fill? How many times do you just want to get an object back to a white fill and a black stroke? Don't answer -- just learn the power moves:

D: Resets an object's appearance to white fill, 1pt black stroke.
X: Toggles the focus between Fill and Stroke.
Shift-X: Swaps the colors of an object's fill and stroke.
/ : Applies the None attribute.
Cmd-/ [Ctrl-/]: Applies a new fill (via the Appearance panel).
Shift-Cmd-/ [Shift-Ctrl-/]: Applies a new stroke (via the Appearance panel).

5. Adjust Stacking Order
I cringe every time I see someone move their mouse up to the Object menu every time they want to bring an object to the front or send it to the back. Due to the stacking nature of vector graphics, these power moves are essential. While there are four possible settings here, the most important ones to remember are Bring to Front and Send to Back.

Shift-Cmd-] [Shift-Ctrl-]]: Bring to front.
Shift-Cmd-[ [Shift-Ctrl-[]: Send to back.
Cmd-] [Ctrl-]]: Bring forward.
Cmd-[ [Ctrl-[]: Send backward.

6. Lock and Load (and Hide)
Complex artwork -- especially those laden with multiple masks -- can make for difficult selections. While the new isolation behavior in Illustrator CS4, which allows you to double click on any object to temporarily lock it and bring it to the top of the stacking order, is brilliant, there are still many times when locking or hiding elements can be useful, especially when spending a lot of time focusing on smaller parts of a larger overall illustration.

Cmd-2 [Ctrl-2] : Lock selected object(s).
Cmd-Option-2 [Ctrl-Alt-2] : Unlock all.
Cmd-3 [Ctrl-3] : Hide selected object(s).
Cmd-Option-3 [Ctrl-Alt-3] : Show all.

Since there's no way to unlock a specific object, most pros will Unlock all, Shift-click on the object they want unlocked (which deselects it), and then Lock in quick succession. Same applies for Hide/Show.

7. Yummy Paste
Paste was delicious when you were younger, and just because you've grown up, it doesn't mean you can't enjoy it now. The Paste command in Illustrator places art in the center of your screen, but you can also paste objects in place -- either in front or in back. For those who were familiar with FreeHand, Paste in Front is the same as the feature once known as Clone. Paste in Front and Paste in Back are also helpful when you want pasted objects to be placed within groups or masks.

Cmd-V [Ctrl-V] : Paste.
Cmd-F [Ctrl-F] : Paste in front of the copied object.
Cmd-B [Ctrl-B] : Paste behind the copied object.

8. Pan and Zoom
The Zoom tool and the Hand tool should be treated like museum artifacts -- they can be looked at, but are not to be touched. Truth be told, those scroll bars along the bottom and right edge of your document are also off-limits. Learn the power moves to quickly navigate within your documents.

Space: Hand tool.
Cmd-Space [Ctrl-Space] : Zoom in.
Cmd-Option-Space [Ctrl-Alt-Space] : Zoom out.

A particular problem one runs into is that when you're editing text, you can't press Space to switch to the Hand tool, as doing so will actually add space characters to your text string. In those cases, this secret handshake will give you joy: Press Cmd-Space [Ctrl-Space] to access the Zoom tool, and then release just the Cmd [Ctrl] key, while still holding Space. This will give you the Hand tool. Release to return to editing your text with the Type tool.

Since we're talking about navigating within documents, these are helpful as well:

Cmd-` [Ctrl-`]: That's a Tilde, which appears just over your Tab key on US keyboards, and allows you to toggle between open tabbed documents.

9. Effective Effects
You want to quickly add a few drop shadows, but want to make sure they all use the same settings. Sure, you could define a Graphic Style, but that's too much of a bother, right? Instead, use a quick power move.

Shift-Cmd-E [Shift-Ctrl-E] : Apply last-used effect with the same settings.
Shift-Cmd-Option-E [Shift-Ctrl-Alt-E] : Bring up the dialog box of the last-used effect.

10. Pathfinder, Rinse, Repeat
The Pathfinder functions -- specifically Unite (Add), Minus Front (Subtract), and Divide -- are used constantly when creating artwork in Illustrator. True, I'm a big fan of the newer Live Paint functionality in Illustrator, but for quick fixes here and there, Pathfinder proves valuable. While there aren't keyboard shortcuts for the Pathfinder functions (in theory, you could always define an Action for them and apply a shortcut to the Action), there is a power move to re-apply a Pathfinder function -- helpful for when you're performing lots of shape editing -- especially since you don't have to shuttle your cursor between your art and a floating panel.

Cmd-4 [Ctrl-4] : Repeat last-applied Pathfinder function.

che dire? bellissimo!